©Dominic Chavez : World Bank

Reduced import tariffs for developing countries (GSP)

How can international trade help development? Under the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) of the World Trade...



Certification of tropical timber imports

Illegal logging is a significant cause of deforestation and biodiversity loss. It also aggravates climate change....


©Arne Hoel : World Bank

International trade policy in the context of climate change imperatives

Trade policy is a key element in climate policy.

How goods are transported is the most obvious consideration, though...



Human rights and social and environmental standards in international trade agreements

Trade agreements between nations do not merely stipulate the levels of tariffs to be applied. They can also contain...


©Jonathan Ernst : World Bank

European international investment policy

Investment policy became a European competence when the latest version of the European treaties, the Lisbon Treaty, was...


© Jonathan Ernst:World Bank

An effective raw materials strategy for Europe

Mobile phones, computers and solar panels have in common that they cannot be produced without rare earths.



©Trevor Samson : World Bank

Dual-use items and technology: Community regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit

Dual use items, like certain chemicals, telecommunication systems, or other technology, are products, which can be used for...


©european Parliament.

A new trade policy for Europe under the Europe 2020 Strategy

The broad lines of the European Commission's trade policy are determined by strategy papers.

The new strategy "Trade,...


©Ondřej Martin Mach

Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)

Every year more than nine million tons of electronic equipment are sold in the EU. With strong market growth and innovation...


©Curt Carnemark : World Bank

Agreement between the EU and Morocco concerning liberalisation measures on agricultural and fishery products

Morocco and the EU concluded an association agreement on trade issues in 2000, which did not include fisheries and...


©Arne Hoel : World Bank

Customs enforcement of intellectual property rights

The Commission observes that the number of infringements of intellectual property rights (IPRs) detected by customs...


The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA)

The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA)

The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) was negotiated in almost complete secrecy since 2007 by a group of states...


©Edwin Huffman

Trade agreement between the European Union and its Member States and Colombia and Peru

In 2006, the EU announced the launch of negotiations of an association agreement comprising pillars on cooperation,...


© Arne Hoel:The World Bank

Advancing development through trade

Trade can be an important lever for fostering development, but whereas EU trade policy seeks to integrate developing...